Fifteenth European Space Weather Week
November 5 - 9, 2018, Leuven, Belgium

Session 2 - Geomagnetic Storms - Ground and near-Earth Space Weather Impacts

Craig Rodger (University of Otago), Mark Clilverd (British Antarctic Survey)
Monday 5/11, 13:30-15:00 & 15:45-17:15

Large geomagnetic storms pose a significant Space Weather impact through ground and near-Earth impacts. Coupling via processes in the ionosphere, space weather drives changes throughout the ionosphere and also in structures on the Earth’s surface. One example is the hazard to electrical transmission networks as a consequence of geomagnetically induced currents (GIC). The GIC-hazard is one of the better recognised examples of Space Weather, appearing in many national risk registers. Instances of damage to power network transformers have been reported at high, mid and even comparatively low geomagnetic latitudes - recent studies have even suggested there may be a risk around the geomagnetic equator due to intensification from the equatorial electrojet. However, understanding the origin of the hazard, and providing alerts to power grid operators is challenging, due to the complexity of the physical linkages involved. Understanding the coupling between the solar wind and near-Earth/ground impacts may well require large scale dynamic models of the magnetosphere, for example using MHD approaches. The measurement, modelling, prediction and mitigation of the effects of Space Weather on the ground, such as unwanted geomagnetically induced currents in power systems, pipelines, and railway networks are required by the industries affected. In near-Earth space the same current systems lead to atmospheric expansion and increased drag on LEO spacecraft.

In this session we particularly encourage submissions from those involved in developing early warning of ground-level geomagnetic disturbances from solar wind measurements, members of industry, and from those involved in the modelling of the magnetosphere during geomagnetic storms with a regard to understanding the processes involved in the generation of ground-level and near-Earth disturbances.

Accepted Contributions

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Invited Talks

Testing Realistic Scenarios, and the Economic Consequences, of the Failure of UK Electricity Transmission InfrastructureGibbs, M
Forecasting & Analysis of dB/dt with the Space Weather Modeling FrameworkWelling, D
On the little-known consequences of the August 1972 ultra-fast coronal mass ejecta Knipp, D


Validating modelled transformer-level GIC flow in New Zealand’s South Island with extensive observationsDivett, T
Active Experiments for Space Weather ApplicationsReeves, G
Geomagnetically Induced Currents and Harmonic Distortion: Observations from New Zealand Rodger, C
Regional 3-D modelling and verification of geomagnetically induced currents in SwedenRosenqvist, L
Investigating the relationship between low frequency variations in the surface geomagnetic field and maximum rates of changeMeredith, N
Real-time forecast of GIC in power gridsTrichtchenko, L
Initial results of pipeline modelling in the United KingdomRichardson, G
The intense geomagnetic storms of solar cycle 24 and the associated surface electric field over Europe Dobrica, V


The solar cycle 24 geomagnetic storms triggered by ICMEs and CIRs Dumitrache, C
Differential Magnetometer Measurements of Geomagnetically Induced Currents in the UK Power GridHuebert, J
Periodicities and Singularities observed on IMF (Bz-component) and Auroral Electorjet (AE) Index during High Intensity Long Duration Continuous Auroral Activities Adhikari, B
Stream interaction regions impact on weather variables in mid-latitudesKiznys, D
Ground level enhancement event on September 10, 2017Balabin, Y
Geomagnetic cut- off rigidity calculations for long term magnetic conditions forecastingGerontidou, M
The 06-09 September 2017 " Mega " event of solar cycle 24Bouya, Z
Local time variations in mid-latitude magnetic field perturbations and geomagnetically induced currents during the 07-08 September 2017 geomagnetic stormClilverd, M
The geoelectric and geomagnetic response over Fennoscandia to the 7-8 September 2017 stormDimmock, A
Global simulations of the solar wind magnetosphere interactionEastwood, J
Modelling and monitoring induced electric fields (IEFs) in Ireland and the UK for space weather applicationsCampanya, J
Geomagnetic storm forecasting service StormFocus and performance evaluation over 5 years of real-time operationPodladchikova, T
Regional geomagnetic indexes for Mexico: Kmex & ΔHmexCorona-romero, P
Local and global geomagnetic responses of extreme geomagnetic storms at mid latitude (pros and cons of being in the middle)Saiz, E
Improving nowcast capability through automatic processing of combined ground-based measurementsYamauchi, M